477 Stuart Drive West
British Columbia Tourism Region : Northern BC
- Carrier Lake named after the Carrier Indians, who received their name from a curious custom.
- When a man died, his widow was required to gather up the few pieces of bone remaining after his cremation, put them in a leather bag, and carry them on her back everywhere until
- until the kinsmen of the deceased had accumulated enough food and property to hold a potlatch in his memory.
- Fort St. James - Founded by Simon Fraser in 1806, it was referred to as the Stuart Lake post until 1822, when it became Fort St. James. The reason for the new name is not known.
- Governor Simpson, visiting here in 1828, described the post as 'the capital of Western Caledonia.' It was in fact the administrative centre for the HBC'S department of New Caledonia.
- The original buildings have disappeared, though five dating from the late nineteenth century survive. The fort has been restored by the National and Historic Parks Branch.
- The Indian name for the site, 'Na'-Kra-ztli' (Nakasleh) means 'arrows floating by' and refers to a legendary battle with dwarfs that left the Stuart River full of arrows where it leaves the lake.
- Inzana Lake - Said to be from the name of an Indian man, Inzanum.
- Middle River - Refers to its position. Driftwood River runs south into Takla Lake; Tachie River runs out of Trembleur Lake and southeast into Stuart Lake; and in the middle of this waterway is Middle River linking Takla Lake with Trembleur Lake.
- Stuart Lake - Known to the Indians as Na-kas-le or Naukazeleh (sometimes shortened to Na'kal) and to Simon Fraser as Sturgeon Lake, it was early renamed in honour of John Stuart of the NWC, who wintered here in 1806-7.
- In 1808, aged twenty-nine, Stuart was one of the two clerks who accompanied Fraser on his famous journey down the Fraser River. In 1809 Stuart succeeded Fraser in the command of the New Caledonia district.
- He became a partner in the NWC in 1813 and, after the merger of 1821, a Chief Factor in the HBC.
- According to Father Morice, Stuart 'seems to have been one of those well-meaning men who, unconscious of their own idiosyncrasies, make life a burden to others.' Stuart retired to Scotland and died there in 1847.
- Tachie River - From the Carrier Indian word meaning 'three outlets,' referring to the river.
- Tezzeron Lake - From the Carrier Indian word meaning 'moulting lake,' where ducks and geese moult.
- With permission from G.P.V and Helen B. Akrigg 1997 British Columbia Place Names. UBC Press.
Address of this page: http://bc.ruralroutes.com/FortStJames