Yale / Chapmans / Dogwood Valley / Emory Creek / Hills Bar / Lady Franklin Rock / Sowaqua Creek / Squeah Mountain

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Hope, BC (Nearby: Yale, Squeah, Dogwood Valley, Choate, Spuzzum)

  • Chapmans
  • Dogwood Valley
  • Emory Creek
  • Hills Bar
  • Lady Franklin Rock
  • Lady Franklin Rock
  • Sowaqua Creek
  • Squeah Mountain
  • Yale

Hope, British Columbia
V0X 1L0

British Columbia Tourism Region : Vancouver, Coast, & Mountains

Description From Owner:
  • Named after Chapman's Bar, which in turn was named after the owner of a roadhouse on the old Cariboo Road. The roadhouse stood on the site of today's Alexandra Lodge.
  • Dogwood Valley - In 1972 local residents successfully petitioned to have the name of Choate changed to Dogwood Valley. Dogwood trees are found in the area, and the dogwood flower is the floral emblem of British Columbia.
  • The CPR continues to call its nearby station Choate .
  • Emory Creek - After one Emory, who washed for gold on nearby Emory Bar in the Fraser River before 1859.
  • Hills Bar - James Moore, who belonged to the first party of gold-hunters in the late spring of 1858, left the following account of the naming of Hill's Bar:
  • “We camped for lunch on a bar about ten miles from Hope to cook lunch, and while doing so one of our party noticed particles of gold in the moss that was growing on the rocks.
  • He got a pan and washed a pan of this moss and got a good prospect, and after our gastric wants were satisfied we all prospected the bar and found it a rich bar of gold.
  • With our crude mode of working with rock ers we made on an average of fifty dollars per day to the man. We named this bar in honor of the man that washed the first pan of moss, Hill's Bar.”
  • To the Halkomelern Indians, Hill's Bar was Qualark, meaning it was a good place to barbecue salmon heads.
  • Lady Franklin Rock - When Lady Franklin, the widow of Sir John Franklin, the Arctic explorer, was on this coast in 1861, she travelled up the Fraser River to Yale, where a banner proclaimed the entrance to the Fraser Canyon to be 'Lady Franklin's Pass.'
  • Her name now remains only in connection with the great rock in the river here. The Indians believed that the chief of a band of water monsters was changed into this rock by The Transformer.
  • Sowaqua Creek - A Thompson Indian name meaning 'to drink water.'
  • Squeah Mountain - From the Halkomelem word meaning 'waterfall.'
  • With permission from G.P.V and Helen B. Akrigg 1997 British Columbia Place Names. UBC Press.

Lady Franklin RockSowaqua Creek

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  • Yale

  • Known as The Falls during the early nineteenth century because of the rapids upstream in the Fraser. The present name dates back to 1847, when Ovid Allard was sent with a party from Fort Langley to establish a new VIBC post here. This post, though it had neither a stockade nor bastions, was named Fort Yale, after James Murray Yale, 'a courageous, peppery little man,' the officer in charge at Fort Langley.

    J.M. Yale (1796-1871) entered the service of the HBC in 1815. He was at Fort Langley from 1828 to 1859, being given the command of the fort in 1834, and was promoted to Chief Trader in 1844. Very aware of his short stature, Yale tried to avoid standing close to the commanding height of Governor Douglas, but Douglas, aware of this foible, took a sly delight in moving close to Yale.

    During the days of the Fraser gold rush, the town of Yale had a lurid reputation. D.W. Higgins, who lived there in 1858, has left the following description of it in that year:

    A city of tents and shacks, stores, barrooms and gambling houses. The one street crowded from morning till night with a surging mass of jostling humanity of all sorts and conditions. Miners, prospectors, traders, gamblers and painted ladies mingled in the throng.

    In every saloon a faro-bank or a three-card-monte table was in full swing, and the halls were crowded to suffocation. A worse set of cutthroats and all round scoundrels than those who flocked to Yale from all parts of the world never assembled anywhere. Decent people feared to go out after dark. Night assaults and robberies, varied by an occasional cold-blooded murder or a daylight theft, were common occurrences. Crime in every form stalked boldly through the town unchecked and unpunished. The good element was numerically large; but it was dominated and terrorized by those whose trade it was to bully, beat, rob and slay. (The Mystic Spring, p. 31)

    At the head of navigation on the Fraser, Yale remained important as long as goods were transshipped there from the river steamers to the wagon trains going up the Fraser Canyon to the Cariboo goldfields. With the completion of the CPR, such transshipments ceased, and Yale almost became a ghost town. Mrs. St. Maur, passing through on the train in 1887, observed: 'the railway has changed everything, and consequently many nice-looking little wooden houses, with their patches of garden, are closed and deserted. A feeling of sadness came over me at the sight of the pretty little desolate homes' (Impressions of a Tenderfoot, p. 73). The Halkomelem Indian name for the site of Yale means 'short-leaved willow trees' (Sitka willows).

Visitors to this page: 320     Emails sent through this page: 1     This record last updated: February 11, 2021

Nearby Lakes and Mountains:
  • Mount Oppenheimer, 4km
  • Mount Allard, 4km
  • Squeah Lake, 10km
  • Inkawthia Lake, 8km
  • Klahater Lake, 12km
  • Spider Peak, 8km
  • Wotten Lake, 10km
  • Squeah Mountain, 12km
  • Mount Fagervik, 10km
  • Jorgenson Peak, 15km
  • Mount Baird, 13km
  • Schkam Lake, 17km
  • Spuzzum Mountain, 18km
  • Emancipation Mountain, 14km
  • Ogilvie Peak, 18km
  • Dog Mountain, 19km
  • Kawkawa Lake, 20km
  • Devil Lake, 20km
  • Anderson River Mountain, 16km
  • Ibex Peak, 15km
  • Chamois Peak, 16km
  • The Old Settler, 15km
  • Jeanne Lake, 15km
  • Steinbok Peak, 17km
  • Gamuza Peak, 16km
  • Mount Urquhart, 17km
  • Hope Mountain, 24km
  • Mount Jarvis, 21km
  • Serna Peak, 18km
  • Gemse Peak, 18km
  • Hazelton Peak, 20km
  • Reh Peak, 19km
  • Mount Parker, 20km
  • Mount McNair, 20km
  • Silver Lake, 28km
  • Wells Peak, 28km
  • Silver Peak, 29km
  • Bighorn Peak, 22km
  • Isolillock Peak, 30km
  • Llama Peak, 21km
  • Alpaca Peak, 21km
  • Ottomite Mountain, 21km
  • Zupjok Peak, 21km
  • Mount Devoy, 29km
  • Mount Stoneman, 32km
  • Vicuna Peak, 22km
  • Mount Snider, 25km
  • Field Peak, 23km
  • Guanaco Peak, 23km
  • Mount Hicks, 29km